brexit wahlergebnisse

Juni Denn die Befürchtung, dass ein Brexit einen Dominoeffekt auch auf andere europäische Länder haben könnte, ist groß. Schon jetzt fordern die. Juni Die jungen Briten sind die Verlierer des Brexit-Referendums. Sie waren Daten der Wahlbezirke in Beziehung zu deren Wahlergebnis setzte. Juni Die jungen Briten sind die Verlierer des Brexit-Referendums. Sie waren Daten der Wahlbezirke in Beziehung zu deren Wahlergebnis setzte.

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Brexit wahlergebnisse 158
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Brexit wahlergebnisse 314
Brexit wahlergebnisse Für die Austrittsverhandlungen Beste Spielothek in Eggenburg finden eine Zwei-Jahres-Frist. Entsprechend weit gehen manchmal die Meinungen auseinander, wen welche Auswirkungen wie stark casino gutschein baden. Septemberabgerufen am 5. Natürlich ist dies eine hypothetische Übung, nachdem die Abstimmung bereits erfolgte. Instead, concerns about immigration seemed more important, in particular in areas that are characterised by low levels of immigration. East Riding of Yorkshire. Home Politik Ausland Brexit-Resultate: Schon als Innenministerin setzte sie das Ziel, die Zahl der Zuwanderer ins Vereinigte Königreich unabhängig von deren Herkunft auf Mehr zum Thema Brexit: Juni und erhielt die königliche Zustimmung am

Brexit wahlergebnisse -

Die Verhandlungen verlaufen auf zwei Ebenen: Februar , abgerufen am Hingegen prophezeite David Davis vor dem britischen Unterhaus, dass der Streit ums Geld bis zum letzten Verhandlungstag andauern wird. Jack of Kent blog. Die Hochburgen der Brexit-Wähler sind also alle im zentralöstlichen England zu finden. Der Süden Londons wollte mehrheitlich in der EU bleiben. Ein solches Abkommen muss folglich in allen 28 Ländern den Ratifizierungsprozess durchlaufen und, sofern von den Verfassungen der Mitgliedstaaten vorgesehen, auch von den nationalen Parlamenten beschlossen werden. May wurde am selben Tag zur Parteivorsitzenden ernannt. Die EU-Gegner kommen vor allem im östlichen Zentralengland. Es gibt also nur Amazons’ Story Slot Machine - Play EGT Games for Fun Online eher schwachen Zusammenhang zwischen dem EU-Referendum und tatsächlicher Bed auf deutsch. Panorama Suchanfragen Briten googeln plötzlich, was der Brexit bedeutet. EU-Mitgliedschaftsreferendum im Vereinigten Königreich

Davis' team, meanwhile, refused EU demands to submit the UK's preferred methodology for tallying the bill.

In August he told the BBC he would not commit to a figure by October, the deadline for assessing "sufficient progress" on issues such as the bill.

Davis has presented this refusal to the House of Lords as a negotiating tactic, but domestic politics probably explain his reticence.

In her September speech in Florence, however, May said the UK would "honor commitments we have made during the period of our membership" and offered to make an "ongoing contribution" to any educational, cultural and security programs Britain might continue to participate in.

Both British and EU negotiators worry about the consequences of reinstating border controls, as Britain may have to do in order to end freedom of movement from the EU.

Yet leaving the customs union without imposing customs checks at the Northern Irish border or between Northern Ireland and the rest of Britain leaves the door wide open for smuggling.

The agreement, in a section that is likely to infuriate some "hard Brexit" supporters, stipulates that,.

Legal challenges to the Tory-DUP coalition agreement are reportedly being prepared. Britain has long been wary of the European Union's projects, which Leavers feel threatens the UK's sovereignty: It also remained outside the Schengen Area, meaning that it does not share open borders with a number of other European nations.

Opponents of Brexit also cite a number of rationales for their position. One is the risk involved in pulling out of the EU's decision-making process, given that it is by far the largest destination for British exports.

Another is the economic and societal benefits of the EU's "four freedoms": A common thread in both arguments is that leaving the EU would destabilize the British economy in the short term and make the country poorer in the long term.

Johnson was replaced by Jeremy Hunt, who favors a 'soft Brexit'. Bank of England governor Mark Carney called Brexit " the biggest domestic risk to financial stability " in March and the following month the Treasury projected lasting damage to the economy under any of three possible post-Brexit scenarios: Leave supporters tended to discount such economic projections under the label "Project Fear.

For example Boris Johnson, who was mayor of London until May and became Foreign Secretary when May took office, said on the eve of the vote, "EU politicians would be banging down the door for a trade deal" the day after the vote, in light of their "commercial interests.

Until an exit deal is finalized or the deadline for negotiations set by Article 50 expires, Britain remains in the EU, both benefiting from its trade links and subject to its laws and regulations.

Even so, the decision to leave the EU has already had an effect on Britain's economy due to the weaker pound.

Shortly after the referendum, the currency's decline was seen as a blessing as British manufacturers' wares became more attractive to foreign buyers.

Nearly a year later, the higher price of imports has been passed onto consumers; CPI inflation was 2. Banks have announced plans to shift some operations to Dublin, Frankfurt and Paris.

International trade is expected to fall due to Brexit, even if Britain negotiates a raft of free trade deals.

Other free trade agreements could probably not take up the slack: On April 18, May called for a snap election to be held on June 8, despite previous promises not to hold one until Labour gained rapidly in the polls, however, aided by an embarrassing Tory flip-flop on a proposal for estates to fund end-of-life care.

The Conservatives lost their majority, winning seats to Labour's The Scottish National Party won 35, with other parties taking Speaking in front of the Prime Minister's residence at 10 Downing Street, May batted away calls for her to leave her post, saying, "It is clear that only the Conservative and Unionist Party" — the Tories' official name — "has the legitimacy and ability to provide that certainty by commanding a majority in the House of Commons.

May presented the election as a chance for the Conservatives to solidify their mandate and strengthen their negotiating position with Brussels.

Having lost their majority, that position appears weaker. Labour, which according to Corbyn "won this election," criticized the Conservatives' immigration targets and argued that "'no deal' is not a viable option.

In the wake of the election, many expected the government's Brexit position to soften. Some interested parties saw an opening: Politicians in Scotland pushed for a second independence referendum in the wake of the Brexit vote, but the results of the June 8 election cast a pall over their efforts.

The country as a whole rejected the referendum by Because Scotland only contains 8. Scotland joined England and Wales to form Great Britain in , and the relationship has been tumultuous at times.

That referendum, held in , saw the pro-independence side lose with Far from putting the independence issue to rest, though, the vote fired up support for the nationalists.

When Britain voted to leave the EU, Scotland fulminated. A combination of rising nationalism and strong support for Europe led almost immediately to calls for a new independence referendum.

When the Supreme Court ruled on November 3 that devolved national assemblies such as Scotland's parliament cannot veto Brexit, the demands grew louder.

On March 13 Sturgeon called for a second referendum, to be held in the autumn of or spring of Sturgeon's preferred timing is significant, since the two-year countdown initiated by Article 50 will end in the spring of , when the politics surrounding Brexit could be particularly volatile.

The snap election on June 8 threw a wrench into the SNP's independence push, and the issue is off the table for now. Scotland's bid would face the threat of a veto from Spain, which wants to avoid sending pro-independence messages to the restive autonomous region of Catalonia.

Scotland's economic situation also raises questions about its hypothetical future as an independent country. The crash in the oil price has dealt a blow to government finances.

In reality these figures are hypothetical, since Scotland's finances are not fully devolved, but the estimates are based on the country's geographical share of North Sea drilling, so they illustrate what it might expect as an independent nation.

The debate over what currency an independent Scotland would use has been revived. Former SNP leader Alex Salmond, who was Scotland's first minister until November , told the Financial Times on March 17 that the country could abandon the pound and introduce its own currency, allowing it to float freely or pegging it to sterling.

He ruled out joining the euro, but others contend that it would be required for Scotland to join the EU. Another possibility would be to use the pound, which would mean forfeiting control over monetary policy.

On the other hand, a weak currency that floats on global markets can be a boon to UK producers who export goods. Industries that rely heavily on exports could actually see some benefit.

Some sectors are prepared to benefit from an exit. Multinationals listed on the FTSE are likely to see earnings rise as a result of a soft pound.

NS , India's largest commercial bank, suggested that the Brexit will benefit India economically. While leaving the Eurozone will mean that the UK will no longer have unfettered access to Europe's single market, it will allow for more focus on trade with India.

India will also have more room for maneuvering if the UK is no longer abiding by European trade rules and regulations. The Conservatives' poor showing in the June snap election called popular support for that approach into question, and many in the press speculated that the government could take a softer line.

Under either arrangement, the government insists, the UK would negotiate trade deals with third countries. Nicola Sturgeon echoed the sentiment, bemoaning the government's "daft 'have cake and eat it' approach" and saying they " should commit to staying in single market and CU, period.

The position paper acknowledged that a borderless customs arrangment with the EU — one that allowed the UK to negotiate free trade agreements with third countries — is "unprecedented" and "challenging to implement.

Politico's UK political correspondent Charlie Cooper wrote that the second proposed arrangement, the "new customs partnership," has "a significant upside" in that it avoids a hard broder between Ireland and Northern Ireland.

On the other hand, he worries that the paperwork involved could be "Kafkaesque": The former would be treated as though the UK border were still the EU border; the latter would be suject to whatever tariffs the UK had worked out with a given country.

The government is right that there is no example of this kind of relationship in Europe today. The arrangement is hardly a win-win, however: In September, May called this arrangement an unacceptable "loss of democratic control.

Earlier in the month, David Davis expressed interest in the Norway model in repsonse to a question he received at the U. Chamber of Commerce in Washington.

Switzerland helped set up the EEA, but its people rejected membership in a referendum. It is subject to many single market rules, without having much say in making them.

It pays a modest amount into the EU's budget. The EU would probably not want a relationship modeled on the Swiss example, either: Er wollte seine Partei, die konservativen Tories, eigentlich mit dem Referendum einen.

Doch stattdessen hat das Brexit-Votum das gesamte Land geteilt. Die Gräben zwischen EU-Befürwortern und -Gegnern sind tief, und sie sind demografisch und geografisch klar zu verorten.

Vier erste Erkenntnisse zum Brexit-Referendum:. Die Leaver konnten sich in keinem Wahlbezirk durchsetzen. Schottland gilt traditionell als europafreundlich - für die Schotten stellt die EU ein wichtiges Gegengewicht zu London dar, sie sehen in Brüssel eher einen Beschützer als einen Feind.

Viele Schotten kritisieren die Politik der Regierung in London, es gibt bereits neue Forderungen nach einem Unabhängigkeitsreferendum.

In Nordirland befürwortet ebenfalls eine Mehrheit 55,8 Prozent , in der EU zu verbleiben, wobei vor allem die Wahlbezirke an der Küste für Leave votierten.

In England sind es 53,4 Prozent, in Wales 52,5 Prozent. In England lässt sich gut der Stadt-Land-Gegensatz beobachten.

London mit seiner jüngeren, gebildeteren und internationalen Bevölkerung spricht sich klar für einen Verbleib in der EU aus.

Hier leben überwiegend ältere Leute mit geringerem Bildungsniveau, Arbeiter und untere Mittelklasse. Zur Parlamentswahl im vergangenen Jahr waren nur 66,1 Prozent der registrierten Wähler gegangen, zur Europawahl gerade einmal 35,6 Prozent.

Profitiert hat von der höheren Wahlbeteiligung nun vor allem das Leave-Lager. Umfragen und eine Nachwahlbefragung hatten zuletzt einen kleinen Vorsprung für die EU-Befürworter gezeigt, aber auch um die zehn Prozent unentschlossene Wähler.

Je unversöhnlicher sich die Lager gegenüberstehen, desto knapper fallen die Ergebnisse des Referendums aus. Klicken Sie in die interaktive Wahlkarte, um die Ergebnisse des Brexit-Referendums mit weiteren Faktoren wie Arbeitslosigkeit und Altersgruppen zu vergleichen: Diskussion über diesen Artikel.

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wahlergebnisse brexit -

Ursprünglich sollten bis Oktober die Verhandlungen über das beiderseits angestrebte Austrittsabkommen abgeschlossen sein. Laut Artikel 50 verfallen alle Verpflichtungen, also auch Zahlungsverpflichtungen, eines Mitgliedslandes am Tage des Austritts. In vielen anderen europäischen Staaten nahmen die Auslandsinvestitionen im gleichen Jahr deutlich zu. Major konnte die Ratifizierung des Maastricht-Vertrages nur unter Androhung seines Rücktritts mit Ansetzung von Neuwahlen die die Konservativen wahrscheinlich haushoch verloren hätten durchsetzen. Da die Einwohner des Königreichs schon seit vielen Jahrzehnten im Schnitt über einen höheren Wohlstand verfügen als andere europäische Staaten, wurde das Vereinigte Königreich zum wichtigen Exportmarkt für andere Europäer. Dezember , abgerufen am Die Unterhauswahl wurde wieder von den Konservativen unter John Major gewonnen, allerdings mit einer nur dünnen Mehrheit im Unterhaus. Beste Spielothek in Blumenthal finden begann [82] die Regierung Schottlands mit den Vorbereitungsarbeiten für ein mögliches zweites Unabhängigkeitsreferendum. Besonders der letzte Punkt ist umstritten, da er Ministern erlaubt, Gesetze ohne vorherige Zustimmung des Parlaments zu ändern oder zu streichen. Das ergibt sich aus seiner Zusammensetzung: Wir haben in Berlin nachgefragt. So müsste Österreich fortan Millionen Play Dolphin Cash Scratch Online at Casino.com NZ zusätzlich pro Jahr einzahlen. Bei Migration, Tipps für book of ra, Brexit. Dort votierten 55,7 Prozent für einen Verbleib in der Europäischen Union. Juliabgerufen am Februarabgerufen im englisch. Anleger sollten sich vor Briten-Wahl festlegen. Die Zerrissenheit zieht sich auch durch viele Familien, in denen die jüngere Generation der älteren diametral gegenübersteht. Fragen der Wirtschaft, der Migration und der britischen Selbstbestimmung betont, Kritiker des Wizard of gems spielen wiesen spätestens seit auf die hohe Verflechtung der Wirtschaft des United Kingdoms Beste Spielothek in Waldbrunn finden der kontinentaleuropäischen Wirtschaft hin. Ein Kompromiss scheint allerdings in weiter Ferne. Juli im Portal bazonline. The New Hope for Britain. Home Politik Ausland Brexit-Resultate: September , abgerufen am 1. Gegenüber dem Gericht bestätigten die Regierung und ihre Anwälte am Obwohl unsere Ergebnisse keine kausale Interpretation zulassen, können sie sehr wohl zur Vorhersage benutzt werden. Zu den sachlichen Fragen über wirtschaftlichen und politischen Nutzen der EU-Mitgliedschaft für das Vereinigte Königreich gesellte sich ein jahrelanger, europaweiter Aufschwung rechtspopulistischer Tendenzen sowie eine Anti- Establishment -Stimmung. Dabei sind diejenigen Faktoren hervorzuheben, die es für Menschen schwieriger machen, die Herausforderungen des wirtschaftlichen und sozialen Wandels zu meistern. Ähnlich wie in dem Vergleich der verschiedenen britischen Landkreise lässt sich feststellen, dass Benachteiligungsindizes deprivation indices , die auf Stadtteil-Ebene verfügbar sind, stark mit dem "Leave"-Anteil innerhalb der Städte korrelieren. Traditionell ist das Vereinigte Königreich das wichtigste Exportland der deutschen Automobilindustrie. Es liegt nahe, dass ähnliche Faktoren auch in anderen europäischen Ländern eine gewichtige Rolle spielen würden, wenn man die entsprechenden Daten umfassend in systematischen Regressionen analysieren würde, z. Der Studie zufolge sei dies auf die Unsicherheit über die weitere Entwicklung nach dem Brexit zurückzuführen. August , abgerufen am Data packages submitted for medicines until the brexit wahlergebnisse of July will be processed and finalised. The debate over what currency an independent Scotland would use has been revived. EMA is essential to the functioning of the single market for medicines in the EU. Britain's top diplomatic link to Brussels breaks as Brexit breathes down the government's neck. Some interested parties saw an opening: That fact suggests EU migrants are greater contributors to the economy than their British counterparts; then again, "Leave" supporters read these data as pointing casino bonus dezember 2019 foreign competition for scarce jobs in Britain. Shortly after the referendum, the currency's decline was seen vegas winner casino a blessing as British manufacturers' wares became more attractive to foreign buyers. Die Homepage wurde aktualisiert. Von Christina Elmer und Christina Hebel. Cut-off dates for UK Rapporteurship appointments for pre and post authorisation procedures for centrally authorised products. Canada's and Britain's economies are also very different: And it gives EU citizens in Britain the Beste Spielothek in Kraftshof finden to appeal to the European Court of Justice, whose jurisdiction Brexiteers have long been determined to escape.

A new "hard" border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland could have dire economic consequences for both sides -- and reignite old feuds.

Now Dublin is playing hardball with British negotiators. By Markus Becker more It has often been said that Brexit means Brexit. With Prime Minister Theresa May showing weakness and the negotiations dragging, some are hoping that Britain's departure from the EU can be warded off.

On the issue of Brexit, the Labour Party finds itself in an advantageous position as Prime Minister Theresa May's government struggles to find unity.

In an interview, Keir Starmer, Brexit minister in the shadow cabinet, speaks of the possibility that Brexit talks might fail as well as his pity for the prime minister.

Interview Conducted by Jörg Schindler more For weeks, the Brits and the Europeans have been talking at cross purposes in the Brexit negotiations.

Prime Minister Theresa May gave a major speech in Florence last week, but the mistrust is still deep. By Peter Müller and Jörg Schindler more For almost 20 years, Northern Ireland has largely been at peace.

Following the referendum and Cameron's resignation, May's government concluded that it had the right under the "royal prerogative" to trigger Article 50 and begin the formal withdrawal process on its own.

The House of Commons — which had a Tory majority at the time — struck the amendment down and the unamended bill became law on March 16, Conservative opponents of the amendment argued that unilateral guarantees eroded Britain's negotiating position, while those in favor of it said EU citizens should not be used as "bargaining chips.

That fact suggests EU migrants are greater contributors to the economy than their British counterparts; then again, "Leave" supporters read these data as pointing to foreign competition for scarce jobs in Britain.

It promised "reciprocal protection for Union and UK citizens, to enable the effective exercise of rights derived from Union law and based on past life choices.

It requires Britain to introduce a Withdrawal Agreement and Implementation Bill to Parliament, which will supercede other national laws pertaining to EU nationals in Britain before the withdrawal date.

And it gives EU citizens in Britain the right to appeal to the European Court of Justice, whose jurisdiction Brexiteers have long been determined to escape.

During the campaign, "Leave" supporters often cited the money that British taxpayers pay into EU coffers, though the figure they used was inflated.

A large financial settlement would therefore rankle many Brexit supporters, some of whom believe the UK should refuse to pay anything. According to the Dec.

The payments will be denominated in euro. Barnier's team launched the first volley in May with the released of a document listing the odd entities it would take into account when tabulating the bill.

Davis' team, meanwhile, refused EU demands to submit the UK's preferred methodology for tallying the bill. In August he told the BBC he would not commit to a figure by October, the deadline for assessing "sufficient progress" on issues such as the bill.

Davis has presented this refusal to the House of Lords as a negotiating tactic, but domestic politics probably explain his reticence.

In her September speech in Florence, however, May said the UK would "honor commitments we have made during the period of our membership" and offered to make an "ongoing contribution" to any educational, cultural and security programs Britain might continue to participate in.

Both British and EU negotiators worry about the consequences of reinstating border controls, as Britain may have to do in order to end freedom of movement from the EU.

Yet leaving the customs union without imposing customs checks at the Northern Irish border or between Northern Ireland and the rest of Britain leaves the door wide open for smuggling.

The agreement, in a section that is likely to infuriate some "hard Brexit" supporters, stipulates that,. Legal challenges to the Tory-DUP coalition agreement are reportedly being prepared.

Britain has long been wary of the European Union's projects, which Leavers feel threatens the UK's sovereignty: It also remained outside the Schengen Area, meaning that it does not share open borders with a number of other European nations.

Opponents of Brexit also cite a number of rationales for their position. One is the risk involved in pulling out of the EU's decision-making process, given that it is by far the largest destination for British exports.

Another is the economic and societal benefits of the EU's "four freedoms": A common thread in both arguments is that leaving the EU would destabilize the British economy in the short term and make the country poorer in the long term.

Johnson was replaced by Jeremy Hunt, who favors a 'soft Brexit'. Bank of England governor Mark Carney called Brexit " the biggest domestic risk to financial stability " in March and the following month the Treasury projected lasting damage to the economy under any of three possible post-Brexit scenarios: Leave supporters tended to discount such economic projections under the label "Project Fear.

For example Boris Johnson, who was mayor of London until May and became Foreign Secretary when May took office, said on the eve of the vote, "EU politicians would be banging down the door for a trade deal" the day after the vote, in light of their "commercial interests.

Until an exit deal is finalized or the deadline for negotiations set by Article 50 expires, Britain remains in the EU, both benefiting from its trade links and subject to its laws and regulations.

Even so, the decision to leave the EU has already had an effect on Britain's economy due to the weaker pound. Shortly after the referendum, the currency's decline was seen as a blessing as British manufacturers' wares became more attractive to foreign buyers.

Nearly a year later, the higher price of imports has been passed onto consumers; CPI inflation was 2.

Banks have announced plans to shift some operations to Dublin, Frankfurt and Paris. International trade is expected to fall due to Brexit, even if Britain negotiates a raft of free trade deals.

Other free trade agreements could probably not take up the slack: On April 18, May called for a snap election to be held on June 8, despite previous promises not to hold one until Labour gained rapidly in the polls, however, aided by an embarrassing Tory flip-flop on a proposal for estates to fund end-of-life care.

The Conservatives lost their majority, winning seats to Labour's The Scottish National Party won 35, with other parties taking Speaking in front of the Prime Minister's residence at 10 Downing Street, May batted away calls for her to leave her post, saying, "It is clear that only the Conservative and Unionist Party" — the Tories' official name — "has the legitimacy and ability to provide that certainty by commanding a majority in the House of Commons.

May presented the election as a chance for the Conservatives to solidify their mandate and strengthen their negotiating position with Brussels.

Having lost their majority, that position appears weaker. Labour, which according to Corbyn "won this election," criticized the Conservatives' immigration targets and argued that "'no deal' is not a viable option.

In the wake of the election, many expected the government's Brexit position to soften. Some interested parties saw an opening: Politicians in Scotland pushed for a second independence referendum in the wake of the Brexit vote, but the results of the June 8 election cast a pall over their efforts.

The country as a whole rejected the referendum by Because Scotland only contains 8. Scotland joined England and Wales to form Great Britain in , and the relationship has been tumultuous at times.

That referendum, held in , saw the pro-independence side lose with Far from putting the independence issue to rest, though, the vote fired up support for the nationalists.

When Britain voted to leave the EU, Scotland fulminated. A combination of rising nationalism and strong support for Europe led almost immediately to calls for a new independence referendum.

When the Supreme Court ruled on November 3 that devolved national assemblies such as Scotland's parliament cannot veto Brexit, the demands grew louder.

On March 13 Sturgeon called for a second referendum, to be held in the autumn of or spring of Sturgeon's preferred timing is significant, since the two-year countdown initiated by Article 50 will end in the spring of , when the politics surrounding Brexit could be particularly volatile.

The snap election on June 8 threw a wrench into the SNP's independence push, and the issue is off the table for now. Scotland's bid would face the threat of a veto from Spain, which wants to avoid sending pro-independence messages to the restive autonomous region of Catalonia.

Scotland's economic situation also raises questions about its hypothetical future as an independent country. The crash in the oil price has dealt a blow to government finances.

In reality these figures are hypothetical, since Scotland's finances are not fully devolved, but the estimates are based on the country's geographical share of North Sea drilling, so they illustrate what it might expect as an independent nation.

The debate over what currency an independent Scotland would use has been revived. Former SNP leader Alex Salmond, who was Scotland's first minister until November , told the Financial Times on March 17 that the country could abandon the pound and introduce its own currency, allowing it to float freely or pegging it to sterling.

He ruled out joining the euro, but others contend that it would be required for Scotland to join the EU. Another possibility would be to use the pound, which would mean forfeiting control over monetary policy.

On the other hand, a weak currency that floats on global markets can be a boon to UK producers who export goods.

Industries that rely heavily on exports could actually see some benefit. Some sectors are prepared to benefit from an exit.

Multinationals listed on the FTSE are likely to see earnings rise as a result of a soft pound. NS , India's largest commercial bank, suggested that the Brexit will benefit India economically.

While leaving the Eurozone will mean that the UK will no longer have unfettered access to Europe's single market, it will allow for more focus on trade with India.

India will also have more room for maneuvering if the UK is no longer abiding by European trade rules and regulations. The Conservatives' poor showing in the June snap election called popular support for that approach into question, and many in the press speculated that the government could take a softer line.

Under either arrangement, the government insists, the UK would negotiate trade deals with third countries. Nicola Sturgeon echoed the sentiment, bemoaning the government's "daft 'have cake and eat it' approach" and saying they " should commit to staying in single market and CU, period.

The position paper acknowledged that a borderless customs arrangment with the EU — one that allowed the UK to negotiate free trade agreements with third countries — is "unprecedented" and "challenging to implement.

Brexit Wahlergebnisse Video

Vorbereitungen für Brexit ohne Abkommen - Brüssel zurückhaltend